Any abnormality with your heart rate or rhythm is called recurrent arrhythmias. In order to function properly, your heart muscles would have to work together and be stimulated to produce smooth and sequential contraction. The contraction is controlled by an electrical activity that starts at different times in different parts of the heart.
If there is an injury or any medical condition that affects the heart, arrhythmias may result. As an example, if an individual suffers from ischemic heart disease, where the heart tissues, nerve fibers or heart muscles don’t receive enough oxygenated blood due to obstructions, then the functions will be disrupted. Though mostly harmless, some conditions and causes can be life-threatening.
There are two categories of arrhythmias: ventricular and supraventricular. Ventricular arrhythmias are the abnormality located in the lower two chambers of the heart, while the supraventricular, happens in the structures above the ventricles, mainly the atria. Bradycardia is the condition where there is very slow heart rate and tachycardia is a very fast heart rate. Fibrillation is the most serious form of arrhythmia because the beats are uncoordinated and are done by the individual heart-muscle fibers.
Arrhythmias can be congenital while others develop arrhythmia as a secondary form, in which it is caused by high blood pressure, iron build-up in the body or hemochromatosis and high blood pressure. Other factors can also contribute to increased heart rate: caffeine, stress, smoking, alcohol, certain over-the-counter drugs, and cough syrups.
The symptoms may differ from one person to the other and the treatment would also depend on the severity of the symptoms and complications of the arrhythmias. For example, it doesnt mean that since you have palpitations you already have an arrhythmia.
The symptoms of tachycardia are fluttering or racing heartbeat in your chest, strong pulse in your neck, or may feel chest discomfort, fatigue, difficulty breathing, lightheaded and dizzy.
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SSA considers this heart condition as a criterion to qualify you for Social Security Disability benefits. If you think you are suffering from this condition, you can be eligible for SSDI and SSI.